American pianist, bandleader, composer and jazz arranger. Creator of film music, among others. Ellington embraced the phrase “beyond category” as a liberating principle, and referred to his music as part of the more general category of American Music, rather than to a musical genre such as jazz.
Initiated in “Social Lodge No. 1”, Washington, D. C., PHA in 1932. Became a 32° Scottish Rite Mason, and a member of the Shrine.
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