English physicist, received the Nobel Prize in 1947 for the discovery of and research on the ionosphere, which contributed to the development of radar.
Isaac Newton Lodge No. 859, Cambridge
Jacques Étienne Montgolfier (1745-1799)
French inventor. Together with his brother – Joseph-Michel, he created the first flying hot air balloon. The first flight took place in 1783, and the next was viewed by 300,000 spectators.
Since 1784, member of the “Les Neuf Soeurs” lodge („Nine sisters” lodge), Paris
Richard Gatling (1818-1903)
American inventor, builder of firearms. Best known as the constructor of the rapid-fire hand cranked gun with a rotating beam barrel (patented in 1862), which is the first successful version of a machine gun, and called, from his name, the Gatling’s gun.
Centre Lodge No. 23, Indianapolis, IN.
Christian F. S. Hahnemann (1755-1843)
German physician, best known as the creator of modern homeopathy. In principle, this method of treatment is based on using agents that cause symptoms identical or similar to those that one wants to combat.
Since 1777, member of the “St. Andreas zu den drei Seeblattern” lodge, Hermannstadt.
Vannevar Bush (1890- 1974)
American engineer, inventor, theoretician of the early period of computer science, solicitor of scientific life in the United States. Constructor of analog calculating machines. Regarded as the creator of the idea of computer networks and hypertext.
Richard C. Maclaurin Lodge, Cambridge.
Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802)
Author of “The Temple of Nature” a piece on the subject of evolution, written in verse, in which, among others, he predicted the existence of DNA. This book was one of his grandson’s inspirations, which led Charles Darwin to create his memorable work.
St. David’s Lodge No. 36, Edyngurg.
Edward Jenner (1749-1823)
English doctor, discoverer of the smallpox vaccine. This discovery paved the way to the widespread use of preventive vaccination in counteracting many serious diseases.
Royal Berkeley Lodge of Faith and Friendship No. 449, Berkeley, Gloucestershire
James Watt (1736- 1819)
Scottish engineer and inventor, the creator of several key improvements to the construction of the steam machine, thanks to which these machines could initiate the industrial revolution.
He was Initiated, Passed and Raised in The Glasgow Royal Arch Lodge 1763
Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)
Franklin formulated a theory of electrical phenomena in which he assumed the existence of positive and negative electrical charges, which he proved with the Leyden jar. He invented a lightning rod, bifocal eyeglasses, discovered and described the Gulf Stream, he was also the first to write about the need for summer time.
Worshipful Master of the lodge “Les Neuf Soeurs” (Nine Sisters), Paris
Sir Alexander Fleming (1881-1955)
While organizing and removing bacterial cultures from their vessels, Fleming noticed blue mold growing on one of the colonies which seemed to be killing harmful bacteria. After many experiments, he discovered penicillin G, which is strongly bactericidal and gentle to humans. He received the Nobel Prize in medicine in 1945 along with Howard Florey and Ernst Chain, who managed to isolate the substance he discovered.
Past Junior Grand Warden, United Grand Lodge of England