Some of the most prominent figures in European occultism have been associated with the Rite. This includes the Frenchmen; Gerard Encauss (Papus), Charles Detré (Tedé), Jean Bricaud, Constant Chevillon, Charles-Henry Dupont and Robert Ambelain. The Sovereign Grand Master in Germany from 1906 to 1914 was Rudolf Steiner and the founder of the Thule Society, Adam Alfred Rudolf Glauer (Rudolf von Sebottendorf), became an initiate while living in Turkey. The German founder of the Fraternitas Rosicruciana Antiqua, Arnold Krumm-Heller, was also associated. In 1913, Aleister Crowley was the Patriarch Grand Administrar of the Rite. In the United States, Harvey Spencer Lewis was associated with the Rite.