This is a general survey on the historical and modern presence of Freemasonry in Turkey and Turkish Freemasonry.
In Turkey Freemasonry was introduced by foreign merchants in the eighteenth century (1721) and was outlawed by Mahmud I in 1748, although it slowly came back and Freemasons were exiled as part of a crackdown on the Bektashis in 1826.A Grand Orient was formed in 1909. Freemasonry was suppressed from 1935 to 1948.A schism occurred in 1964, with a small group of freemasons creating the Grand Lodge of Liberal Freemasons of Turkey, which later attached itself to the Grand Orient de France.
(the source: Wikipedia)
LIBERAL GRAND LODGE OF TURKEY
SUPREME COUNCIL OF TURKEY
WOMEN GRAND LODGE OF TURKEY
SUPREME COUNCIL FEMININE OF TURKEY
- Freemasonry in Turkey (Wikipedia)
- “The History of Freemasonry In Turkey” – Celil Layiktez (Pietre-Stones)
- “Muslim creationist Adnan Oktar challenges scientists to prove evolution”, Guardian, Monday December 22, 2008.
- An interview with Adnan Oktar by Al Jazeera TV
- Webpage of the Grand Lodge of Liberal Freemasons of Turkey
- Webpage of the Grand Lodge of Turkey
- Harunyahya.com, an anti-Masonic website purporting to be a history of Freemasonry and the Knights Templar in Turkey
- Liberal Grand Lodge of Turkey
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